The concept of the application stack is mainly a combination of programming languages, tools and frameworks that are being used by the developers so that he could create web and mobile applications. It includes two main components to any application which are known as client side and server side also called as front end and back end.
A stack is created by building one layer of applications atop the other through the codes and hardware modules ranging from generic to specific. It contains different layers of components and servers that can use by developers for building the software applications and solutions.
Anatomy of applications stack: As we know that tech stack comes with the two software components which are front end and back end.
Front End (Client Side): As its name suggests that it is where the real interaction with the user happens. In this, the user will interact with the website or the web app or mobile app depending what he is using.
Front end includes three main technologies:
• HTML – It is markup language
• CSS – The style sheet
The biggest advantage of these frameworks is that they give us the opportunity to create high intuitive user interfaces. The both are languages are independent and the type of stack does not matter which we are using for the server side, it will still function automatically as per our expectations.
Backend (Server Side): This consists a server along with an application and database. Server side is the umbrella term which is used by the developers to perform the following functions for the websites such as programming the business logic and working with databases etc.
This server side stack is able to respond to user requests as well as accesses the databases and executive simple create, read, update and delete operations. The most popular backend stacks which are used by the developers are LAMP and Python.
Middleware: This concept is little bit more esoteric and also consists application servers, content managements systems as well as web servers and similar tools that are supporting app development and delivery. It facilitates standard communication and management of data between the front end and back end of tech stack.